The eastern boundary with England is an administrative, though not political, frontier. It was created in 1536 as part of the Act of Union, finally and effectively linking England and Wales.
Four elements make up the relief features of Wales:
  • first, two mountain areas higher than 600 metres, Snowdonia in the northwest and the Brecon Beacons in the south;
  • second, a region of plateaus and hills, with rolling river-cut upland surfaces, that joins and surrounds the mountain areas;
  • third, upland plateaus; and,
  • fourth, valley land.

Name: Principality of Wales
Location: Europe
Status: Constituent Country
Capital City: Cardiff
Main Cities: Swansea
Population: 2,821,000
Languages: Welsh, English
Religions: Protestant, Roman Catholic

National Anthem:
Wlad fy Nhadau
Mae hen wlad fy nhadau yn an nwyl i mi,
Gwlad beirdd a chantorion, enwogion o fri;
Ei gwrol ryfelwyr, gwladgarwyr tramd,
Tros ryddid collasant eu gwaed.
Gwlad, gwlad, pleidiol wyf i'm gwlad,
Tra mr yn fur i'r bur hoff bau,
O bydded i'r heniaith barhau.
Hen Gymru fynyddig, paradwys y bardd,
Pob dyffryn, pob clogwyn i'm golwg sydd hardd;
Trwy deimlad gwladgarol, mor swynol yw si
Ei nentydd, afonydd, i mi.
Os treisiodd y gelyn fy ngwlad tan ei droed,
Mae hen iaith y Cymry mor fyw ag erioed;
Ni luddiwyd yr awen gan erchyll law brad,
Na thelyn berseiniol fy ngwlad.

Land of my Fathers
The land of my fathers is dear unto me,
Old land where the minstrels are honoured and free;
Its warring defenders so gallant and brave,
For freedom their life's blood they gave.
Home, home, true am I to home,
While seas secure the land so pure,
O may the old language endure.

Old land of the mountains, the Eden of bards,
Each gorge and each valley a loveliness guards;
Through love of my country, charmed voices will be
Its streams, and its rivers, to me.

Though foemen have trampled my land 'neath their feet,
The language of Cambria still knows no retreat;
The muse is not vanquished by traitor's fell hand,
Nor silenced the harp of my land.

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